Notable influences include Personality Page, Type Logic, Enneagrams Institute, Ocean Moonshine, and the works of David Keirsey.
The MBTI assessment tool and MBTI compatibility is separate and unrelated.
Surgeons and accountants are likely Sensors, while philosophers and research scientists are likely Intuitives. A Thinker would form conclusions based on their objective logic, focusing on the task rather than people.
Feeling is concerned with "right and wrong", while Thinking is concerned with "correct or incorrect". Perception : grasps the immediate physical details of the surroundings and how they fit into the environment as a whole.
There are 16 Personality Types, expressed by 4 dichotomies. Introversion (I) Extraversion means that energy is derived from the outside world while Introversion means that energy is derived from within the self. A Sensor would see the physical, the facts, and the static relationships of objects and events.
The colloquial meanings of these terms differ somewhat from the technical Myers-Briggs definitions, as most people mistakenly equate Extraversion to popularity or likeability. An Intuitive would see the abstract meanings, the movement, and the trends behind objects and events. A Feeler would form conclusions based on their values, taking into account other people's feelings and subjectivity.
The core psychology behind Myers-Briggs describes how a person perceives what is happening and how a person makes decisions.
Perception The Sensing preference sees an object or event as immediate and discrete.